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Sunday, July 19, 2020 | History

3 edition of Acoustic behavior in the rat found in the catalog.

Acoustic behavior in the rat

Werner Nitschke

Acoustic behavior in the rat

research, theory, and applications

by Werner Nitschke

  • 358 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by Praeger in New York, N.Y .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Rats -- Behavior.,
  • Rodents -- Behavior.,
  • Animal sounds.,
  • Animal communication.,
  • Crying.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementWerner Nitschke.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL737.R638 N57 1982
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvi, 184 p. :
    Number of Pages184
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3491466M
    ISBN 100030619734
    LC Control Number82011270

    system in the rat. Key words: acoustic startle, stimulus characteristics, behavior, habituation, rat NEU OBIOLOGI E EXPE IMENT LIS. INTRODUCTION Startle response is a motor reaction to a certain class orally,thestar-tle response consists of rapid contraction of head, neck. Behavioural Biology of the Collared Lemmings [Dicrostomynx groenlandicus (Traill)]: An Analysis of Acoustic Communication, , Institute of Animal Behavior, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey, Animal Behaviour Monographs, Volume 6, Part 1: pages 1- by Brooks, R. J. and Banks, E. M. and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at

    The best-known rat species are the black rat (Rattus rattus) and the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus).This group, generally known as the Old World rats or true rats, originated in are bigger than most Old World mice, which are their relatives, but seldom weigh over grams (17 1 ⁄ 2 oz) in the wild.. The term rat is also used in the names of other small mammals that are not true rats. Probably not if you compare it with the Bosavi woolly rat, a species discovered in Believed to be the biggest rat, it is more than 32 inches (81 cm) long (including the tail) and weighs more than three pounds ( kg). By comparison, the common house rat is about 20 inches (50 cm) long and weighs approximately 12 ounces ( kg).

      Buy The Rat: A Study in Behavior 1 by Barnett, S. A. (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible s: 3. Response of auditory-related brain regions to acoustic stimulation The current study demonstrates the enhancements of SIRs in Aud of rats after auditory stimulation. Only deep layers, such as the right layer IV, V, and VI, showed greater SIRs in STIM rats than in NOSTIM rats (Figure 1and Table 2).


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Acoustic behavior in the rat by Werner Nitschke Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Acoustic behavior in the rat: Research, theory, and applications on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Acoustic behavior in the rat: Research, theory, and applications: Nitschke, Werner: : BooksCited by: 6.

Acoustic behavior in the rat: research, theory, and applications (Book, ) [] Your list has reached the maximum number of items. Please create a new list with a new name; move. The Rat book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers.

The laws of animal behavior have been revised and revealed through research perfor /5(8). This classic book is unique in bringing together the principal conclusions of these researchers in a compact, well Acoustic behavior in the rat book, and lucid form.

The author himself made important original contributions to wild rat behavior; his account of "white rat psychology" and of relevant work on other species is equally by:   Also, it is very odd that they don't have a chapter on auditory behavior, while they have one on vision.

Rats are stronger in the auditory than visual modalities They are nocturnal and not the most visually astute beings in the world. But some of the chapters are pretty good, so it belongs in your library if you work on the behavior of rats/5(3).

The laws of animal behavior have been revised and revealed through research performed by zoologists, physiologists and experimental psychologists. Each has contributed much. Their main meeting ground has been the study of mammals, especially rats. This classic book is unique in bringing together the principal conclusions of these researchers in a compact, well illustrated, and lucid.

trasonic correlates of reproductive behavior of the male rat. Behav Neu- Nitschke W. Acoustic Behavior in the Rat: Research, Theory, and Ap-plications. New York: Praeger Publishers.

Ultrasonic calls used by rats during intraspecies communication have acoustic features, which can be selectively recognized by recipients, and possess a quantitative dimension reflecting the magnitude of the sender’s response. We have measured the acoustic startle response (ASR) amplitude and latency in rats housed in a light:dark (LD) cycle.

The response amplitudes to eliciting stimuli (ES) of dB or dB (white noise) were significantly higher (nearly two-fold) during D than during L. Similar, but nonsignificant, trends were also observed at ES intensities of 90 dB or dB. Rat Behavior.

Norway Rat Crawling Near Oven. When rat populations are large, a hierarchy develops within a burrow. Stronger individuals become dominant, while weaker ones are subordinate. Males no longer protect female burrows.

When a female is estrous, several males mate with her sequentially, in the order of their social dominance. Familiarity with and understanding of normal reproductive traits and behavior of rats are imperative for these areas of scientific investigation.

Lordosis is a characteristic mating behavior of the female rat. Although both estrogen and progesterone are involved in the reflex, estrogen alone is sufficient to induce the behavior. The rat's (Long-Evans) acoustic startle reflex to a high-frequency tone burst ( kHz) was depressed by intense high-frequency band-pass noise ( kHz) but enhanced by low frequency noise (   More is known about the behavior, anatomy, and molecular biology of the laboratory rat than any other animal species.

Although its natural history and psychological functions have been described previously in books, this is the first comprehensive description of its behavior.

Both seasoned and beginning investigators will be amazed at the range and complexity of the species as described in. The term "rat" is also used in the names of other small mammals which are not true rats. Examples include the North American pack rat, a number of. Kaltwasser, M. Acoustic startle induced ultrasonic vocalization in the rat: a novel animal model of anxiety.

Behavioural brain research 43. "Behavioral sink" is a term invented by ethologist John B. Calhoun to describe a collapse in behavior which can result from overcrowding. The term and concept derive from a series of over-population experiments Calhoun conducted on Norway rats between and In the experiments, Calhoun and his researchers created a series of "rat utopias" - enclosed spaces in which rats were given.

The Laboratory Rat, Second Edition features updated information on a variety of topics including: rat genetics and genomics, both spontaneous and induced disease; state-of-the-art technology for housing and husbandry; occupational health, and experimental models.A premier source of information on the laboratory rat that will be of interest to veterinary and medical students, senior graduate.

The acoustic startle response is a protective response, elicited by a sudden and intense acoustic stimulus. Facial and skeletal muscles are activated within a few milliseconds, leading to a whole body flinch in rodents1.

Although startle responses are reflexive responses that can be reliably elicited, they are not stereotypic. To conclude, we proposed an acoustic rat-race coupler mimicking the scattering behavior of microwave magic-tees.

In contrast to magic-T hybrid waveguides, the proper functionality of the proposed rat-race coupler is well understood on the basis of constructive and destructive interferences between the clockwise and counterclockwise modes of a.

performance, and behavior. •Adrenals are smaller, especially the cortex in laboratory rats. •Ovaries, testes, and secondary sex glands are the same size but mature earlier and function continuously (no seasonal cycle) in laboratory rats. •Laboratory rat matures earlier, and are more prolific.

The laboratory rat, like its wild counterpart, is an extremely intelligent animal, probably more so than the other rodents commonly used for biomedical research. This is reflected in its behaviour and, when treated properly and sympathetically, its tolerance to handling and restraint.

Although feared by many.Originally published in London in under title: A study in behaviour; principles of ethology and behavioural physiology, displayed mainly in the rat.The behaviour of Rattus is often studied for its possible significance in other fields.

Much of the work on laboratory rats is partly motivated and endowed for its putative value to human psychology.